What Are OTCs And Why Are They Controversial?

What Are OTCs And Why Are They Controversial?

by | Sep 14, 2022 | Hearing Aids, Hearing Loss, Industry News, Patient Resources, Technology

As of August 16, the FDA gave the final ruling on over-the-counter hearing aids.

OTC refers to hearing aids that can be bought online and in stores. This ruling allows over-the-counter hearing aids to be distributed directly from stores or online retailers without any involvement from a licensed professional.

Their availability is controversial because so many things can go wrong when a consumer self-diagnoses and self-treats their degree and type of hearing loss.

Let’s explore more.

What Are Over-The-Counter Hearing Devices?

An OTC is an over-the-counter device that helps with a hearing loss. The devices are manufactured by both hearing aid-related companies and newcomers to the field.

Over-the-counter hearing aids are defined as instruments that submit the sound through air conduction, which means that the sound is propagated from the device through the air to the ear.

Who Are OTCs For?

The devices are only permitted to be sold to adults —18 years or older — who perceive they have a mild to moderate hearing loss.

They are best for someone who is not yet ready to wear full-time prescription hearing aids but needs a hearing boost in certain situations.

Consequences Of Not Having An Audiologist Treat A Hearing Loss

Bypassing a professional evaluation and going directly to purchasing OTCs can be deadly, and I don’t say that to scare.

There are many risks involved with not going to a professional person to have a hearing loss diagnosed. While you can ignore some simple issues such as earwax in your ear causing hearing loss, you cannot afford to ignore issues such as a middle ear infection or a foreign object in your ear.

Correcting the above with an over-the-counter (OTC) hearing device is like putting a band-aid on an infected wound. Would you ignore a benign growth on the auditory or vestibular nerve? Or a perforation of the eardrum, which can lead to middle ear tumors?

If we are honest with ourselves and can accept that our hearing is not good anymore, we can also acknowledge that treating a hearing loss ourselves is a bad idea because we can’t see the whole picture. Only a professional can assess our hearing health properly.

Can We Self-Diagnose Hearing Loss?

The bottom line is that we’ll never diagnose ourselves as correctly as a professional because we have so many emotions tied to the reality of a diagnosis and treatment. And we tend to see our hearing as being better than it actually is.

So many patients think they only have a mild to moderate hearing loss when it’s actually severe. So many people have the mindset that asking for help signifies weakness. They would much rather buy an OTC than admit a hearing loss or receive a professional diagnosis for it.

But because of a poor self-diagnosis, an OTC likely won’t help their hearing at all, either because the hearing loss is greater than they think it is or because they have a poor ability to understand speech.

OTCs are helpful in certain situations, and I do personally endorse them for the right patient, but there are too many factors to bear in mind when choosing the right hearing treatment.

Going directly to the hearing aids without professional assessment and advice is like buying a basic laptop for $200 with no features when you actually need the top-of-the-line model for your job requirements.

The Best First Step in Determining the Right Hearing Solution for You Is Through a Comprehensive Hearing Assessment.

Why Would Someone Choose An OTC Hearing Aid?

There is no doubt in my mind that distribution of hearing aids is limited at this time because of two things:

  1. There are not enough professional hearing specialists to serve everybody.
  2. People prefer to do things at their own leisure, and they would rather order hearing treatment from home without going anywhere.

There is a need to change this, but I’m not exactly sure that OTCs are the answer.

OTCs at least act like the wedge in the door to make the whole industry think about what we should do to make hearing treatment easier and more accessible. But we need to come up with a better way of enabling wider distribution of prescription hearing aids.

Is it fair to put the burden of buying the right hearing treatment on the consumer? I’m a knowledgeable consumer for some products, but I must admit, I know very little about others.

So I would never purchase something important, even if I thought it would save me some money, without professional input.

To put all the burden of buying hearing aids on the consumer is a little unfair without giving them all the information necessary.

Which is why it makes much more sense to only buy an OTC device after talking about the pros and cons with a hearing professional and getting a proper hearing evaluation.

What’s Good About OTCs?

There are some benefits to buying OTCs:

Easier access: But is “easier” better? Five years from now, we’re going to look at it and either say, “This was a useful thing to do,” or, “This resulted in some negativity toward hearing devices.”


What I’m afraid of is what happened years ago, when hearing instruments were dispensed by anybody who wanted to get in the business of selling hearing aids.

About 40 years ago, I was introduced to somebody who used to paint houses who at one point decided to go into the hearing aid business. The knowledge of this person was less than satisfactory.

Allowing anyone to dispense hearing aids left a black eye on the whole industry for many, many years. People would say, “I purchased relatively expensive hearing aids and they’re in the drawer.” We are still dealing with this issue.

I am just afraid that making OTCs available might result in a similar kind of a situation unless there is a partnership between a professional person and somebody who wants to get an OTC instrument.


Better hearing: OTC devices can boost hearing when needed. The instruments purchased must be something that will really satisfy the need from a personal lifestyle point of view and from a hearing point of view.

Affordability: OTCs are cheaper, with most good devices starting at about $700. We hope this means that people who have delayed any hearing treatment will at least start with something.

Greater awareness about hearing loss: We have yet to see how this plays out.

What’s Bad About OTCs?

  • There are many downsides to buying over-the-counter devices.
  • Risk of great disappointment in the benefits of amplification.
  • Setting us back 30 to 40 years by ignoring the need for medical attention.
  • Risk of inducing increased hearing loss, tinnitus, and hyperacusis due to not being accurately tested.
  • Generic programming that doesn’t meet hearing needs.
  • Ugly devices that don’t fit properly.
  • Ignoring all other brain and health-related issues caused by hearing loss.
  • Ignoring mental health issues such as stress and anxiety, social isolation, and a decrease of confidence in others by not providing prescription-based hearing treatment.

Straining your hearing can be exhausting, but over-amplifying or producing more sounds through some devices creates the risk for tinnitus – buzzing, ringing, and so forth in the ears.

OTCs also exacerbate the risk of hyperacusis, which is oversensitivity to sound. Over amplification, or listening to louder sounds than is clinically necessary, can produce oversensitivity to sound such that normal sound will become intolerable.

Do We Offer OTCs?

At AVI, we are embracing the availability of over-the-counter devices. We’re not rejecting it. We are, however, recommending that any purchase of an OTC device should be done with the help of professionals.

We’re hoping this will afford many more people the possibility of having better hearing and better lives.

We offer a professional service program that will allow the consumer to optimize their use of OTC devices, improving their satisfaction and success with them, with the following services:

  • Consultation regarding various OTC devices
  • OTC device recommendations based on hearing evaluation, lifestyle, and expectations
  • Training on proper use and insertion of a chosen OTC device
  • Various maintenance services for your OTC device

As a full-service hearing clinic, we offer:

  • Full professional audiological diagnosis and evaluation of hearing
  • Examination of the ear canal for earwax management
  • Sale of various OTC devices
  • Sale of 3 to 4 year prescription hearing aid packages

Get a hearing assessment to check your candidacy for OTCs. You can book it via this link.
We are looking forward to getting you started on your hearing journey.

Do you know somebody that needs to see this? Why not share it?

Dr. Natan Bauman

For more than 40 years, I have had the honor and opportunity of helping thousands of local, national, and international people to achieve a better life through better hearing. As an audiologist and electronic engineer, I have changed the course of the hearing aid industry by inventing the Receiver-In-The-Canal, the most widely used hearing aid in the world. Additionally, I established a tinnitus and sound over-sensitivity clinic and developed a special treatment program which I have been teaching to other practitioners nationally and internationally. Our practice follows the key principles that have defined my career: an adherence to best practices, use of the latest technologies, and personalized care in which the patient is treated as family.

    Request a Callback

    Would you like to speak to one of our hearing care professionals to discuss your hearing health challenges? Then simply complete this form and we’ll call you back.

    PERSONAL DATA

    Name: Natan Bauman
    Address: 3447 WhitneyAvenue
    Hamden, CT 06518

    Telephone: (475) 227-0842

    Status: Married

    EDUCATION

    Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) in Audiology, 1983
    Teachers College, Columbia University
    New York, NY

    Master of Science (M.S.) in Audiology, 1975
    Teachers College, Columbia University
    New York, NY

    Master of Science (M.S.) in Electroacoustics – Acoustics (Minor in Electronics)
    Wroclaw Polytechnic Institute
    Poland

    PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

    Founder and co-owner, Auditory and Vestibular Institute of New England 2021 – present
    Hamden, Connecticut

    Founder, Tinnergy Group, LLC
    Hamden, Connecticut 2010 – present

    Founder, Tinnitus Practitioners Association
    Hamden, Connecticut 2009 – present

    Founder, Hearing Aid Laboratories of New England
    Hamden, Connecticut 2006 - 2017

    Vice President, Professional Affairs, Vivatone Hearing Systems, Inc.
    Shelton, Connecticut 2004 – 2008

    Founder New England Tinnitus and Hyperacusis Clinic
    Hamden, Connecticut 1996 - 2021

    Founder, Hearing, Balance & Speech Center
    Hamden, Connecticut 1988 - 2021

    Director, Hearing, Speech and Language Center
    Yale New Haven Hospital
    New Haven, Connecticut 1980 - 1988

    Clinical Audiologist, St. Michael’s Hospital
    Toronto, Ontario, Canada January 1978 - August 1980

    Department Head, Audiology, Lincoln Hospital
    Bronx, NY August 1977 - January 1978

    Clinical Audiologist, Misericordia Hospital
    Bronx, NY September 1975 - August 1977

    Research Assistant, Teachers College, Columbia University
    New York, NY September 1976 - July 1977

    School Audiologist, St. Francis de Sales School for the Deaf
    Bronx, NY September 1973 - September 1975

    Acoustical Engineer, Paso Electronics
    New York, NY January 1972 - September 1973

    Acoustical Engineer, Precision Acoustic Lab, Hearing Aid Instruments
    New York, NY September 1970 - January 1972

    TEACHING EXPERIENCE

    Adjunct Professor, University of Rhode Island Spring, 2001
    Graduate Program, Course entitled, “Electrophysiology”

    Assistant Clinical Professor, Yale University School of Medicine
    Department of Surgery
    New Haven, Connecticut September 1980 - December 1990

    Teaching Instructor, Teachers College, Columbia University September 1973 - September 1974
    New York, NY January 1975 - July 1975

    AWARDS

    Small Business of the Year 2014, Hamden Regional Chamber of Commerce
    Hearing Review’s Best of 2013 Hearing Healthcare Professionals
    Fellowship for Clinical Audiology, Teacher’s College, Columbia University
    New York, NY
    Spencer’s Foundation Award
    Who’s Who in Engineering

    PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATION & LICENSURE

    American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
    Certificate of Clinical Competence in Audiology (CCC-A)

    State of Connecticut Department of Health Services
    License in Audiology (#000115)

    Connecticut Hearing Aid Dealers Association License (#000221)

    American Academy of Audiology
    Fellow (F-AAA)

    TINNITUS RELATED PRESENTATION

    Invited presentation to Clinical Psychiatry at Yale Psychiatry Rounds
    Tinnitus and Sound Sensitivity Treatments November 2020

    Invited presentation to the New Haven Symphony Orchestra concert
    “Ludvik Van Beethoven Affliction of tinnitus and deafness
    on his compositions” November 2018

    Streamline tinnitus treatment in your busy practice, Annual ADA Conference October 2018

    Invited Keynote Speaker at the XIII JORNADAS INTERNACIONALES, ARGENTINA,
    BONSAIS AIRES Conference, Tinnitus-Hyperacusis-Misofoni
    Five presentations: 1. Understanding tinnitus a clinical approach,
    2. Blame it on the caves; Tinnitus, Hyperacusis, Phonophobia, Misophonia,
    3. Understanding Misophonia,
    4. Treatment Approaches – CHaTT (Cognitive Habituation Tinnitus Therapy)
    5. Role of the TCQ (Tinnitus Concern Questionnaire) August 2018

    Tinnitus Concern Questionnaire, Annual AAA Conference April 2018

    Associate Course by invitation SIEMENS/SIGNIA December 2016

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate and Fellow courses from 2015 – present

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Maui, Hawaii, January, 2015

    Tinnitus: The Proverbial Pain in the Ears; A neuro-philosophical look at tinnitus,
    Annual AAA Conference April 2015

    3rd International Misophonia Conference, Phoenix, Arizona, February 2015
    What Aristotle knew about misophonia? The power of “THE WILL”

    3rd International Misophonia Conference, Phoenix, Arizona, February 2015
    From Aristotle to Levitin

    Invited guest speaker at the Chinese Otolaryngology Annual
    Conference September 2014

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Harrisburg, PA August 2014

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Fellow Course, San Francisco August 2014

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Chicago, IL June 2014

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Fellow Course, St. Louis, MO April 2014

    8th Tinnitus Research Initiative Conference, Invited Guest Speaker
    “CHaTT: Cognitive Habituation Therapy”, Auckland, New Zealand March 2014

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Misophonia Conference February 2014
    Atlanta, GA

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Mesa, AZ December 2013

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Fellow Course, Las Vegas, NV October 2013

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Panama, FL September 2013

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Hartford, CT August 2013

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Seattle, WA June 2013

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Richmond, VA May 2013

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Misophonia Conference, Mesa, AZ February 2013

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, New Orleans, LA December 2012

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Fellow Course, Charleston, SC October 2012

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Fellow Course, Chicago, IL July 2012

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Baltimore, MD June 2012

    Audiology Now 2012, “Loudness Considerations that Play a Crucial
    Role in Acceptance of Applications”, Anaheim, CA April 2012

    Audiology Now 2013, “Considerations for Providing Misophonia
    Care in Your Practice”, Anaheim, CA April 2012

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, April 2012
    San Francisco, CA

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Salt Lake City February 2012

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, “Misophonia Theory and Research”
    Mesa, AZ February 2012

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Fellow Course, Maui, HI January 2012

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Orlando, FL December 2011

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Austin, TX October 2011

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Fellow Course, Nashville, TN July 2011

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Detroit, MI June 2011

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Newark, NJ March 2011

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Fellow Course, Maui, HI January 2011

    5th International TRI Tinnitus Conference, “The Neuroscience of
    Tinnitus”, Grand Island, NY. August 2010

    X International Tinnitus Seminar, “Tinnitus on my Mind”
    Florianapolis, Brazil. June 2010

    4th International TRI Tinnitus Conference, “Frontiers in Tinnitus
    Research”, Dallas, TX. June 2010

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, New Orleans, LA October 2010

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Norfolk, VA July 2010

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Fellow Course, Mesa, AZ March 2010

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Mesa, AZ March 2010

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Minneapolis, MN December 2009

    Tinnitus Practitioners Association, Associate Course, Minneapolis, MN September 2009

    Invited guest speaker at the East Asia Otolaryngology Conference November 2007

    *Two day presentations

    CONTINUING EDUCATION

    American Academy of Audiology Annual attendance
    Professional development seminars:
    Diagnostics of hearing aids/tinnitus/vestibular issues

    Tinnitus Retraining Therapy for the
    Management of Tinnitus and Hyperacusis
    Dr. Pawel Jastreboff 1997

    Evaluation and Management of the Patient
    With Balance Disorders 1991

    Programming Digital Hearing Aids 1989

    Cochlear implants 1988

    Course in science and the clinical application of the
    Xomed audiant bone conductor 1987

    Nicolet Pathfinder Mapping Course 1986

    School for Electronic Responses Audiometry
    Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1978

    Special Study Institute on Impedance Audiometry 1975

    PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS

    Founder, Tinnitus Practitioners Association
    Founding Member of the Connecticut Academy of Audiology
    Acoustical Society of America
    American Speech-Language-Hearing-Association
    Fellow, American Academy of Audiology
    Academy of Dispensing Audiologists
    Academy of Rehabilitative Audiology
    American Auditory Society
    The New York Academy of Sciences
    American Tinnitus Association
    International Tinnitus and Hyperacusis Society
    American Hearing Aid Associates

    PUBLICATIONS AND PRESENTATIONS

    Bauman, N., AAA presentation, Another Look at Tinnitus: Qualia and Prediction, April 2021
    Bauman, N., AAA presentation, Using Real Ear Measurements in the Treatment of Tinnitus and Sound Sensitivity Disorders, July 2020
    Bauman, N., ADA presentation, Streamline Tinnitus Treatment in Your Busy Practice, November 2018
    Bauman, N., Eldridge, M. “Tinnitus Practitioner Association Associate, Fellow and Misophonia Education Courses.” Various Locations, 2009 – present. AAA CEU Approved. Two day Presentation. See list above.

    Bauman, N, “Tinnitus: The Proverbial Pain in the Ears; A neuro-philosophical look at tinnitus”, AAA AudiologyNow, 2015, CEU Approved. Presentation.

    Bauman, N, “Auditory issues in musicians” 2014, Online

    Hepp, R. “Open Fit Hearing Aids: What You Need to Know.” ADVANCE for Speech & Hearing. 24 February, 2014. Online.

    “No Point Without Passion.” The Hearing Review. December 2013. Vol. 26 No. 13 Pg. 71. Print.

    Cohen, J. “Rare Sensitivity Triggers Undue Rage, Hamden Audiologist Explains.” New Haven Register. 29 March, 2012. Print.

    “The Use of Real Ear Measurements in Tinnitus Clinics.” 5th International TRI Tinnitus Conference “The Neuroscience of Tinnitus”. Grand Island, NY. August 2011. Presentation.

    “Case Study: Hyperacusis with Phonophobia.” ADVANCE for Hearing Practice Management. 23 May 2011: 14. Print.

    “Tinnitus on My Mind.” AudiologyNow! 2011. Chicago, IL. April 2011. Presentation.

    “Let’s CHaTT about Tinnitus Treatment.” AudiologyNow! 2011. Chicago, IL. April 2011. Presentation.

    Bauman N., Dauman N., McKenna L. “Cognitive Aspects on Tinnitus.” X International Tinnitus Seminar. Florianopolis, Brazil. March 2011. Roundtable Presentation.

    Mullarkey, C. “Cover Story: Entrepreneurial Excellence/Inside Dr. Natan Bauman’s Practice.” ADVANCE for Audiologists. 22 September 2010: 25. Print.

    “The Audiologist’s Obligation to Tinnitus Care and Prevention.” AudiologyNow! 2010. San Diego, CA. April 2010. Presentation.

    “TPA: Simple Solution For Success.” ADVANCE for Audiologists. 25 August 2009: 14. Print

    “Rite Vs Rita Instruments: the Debate Continues.” Hearing Journal. July 2008:6. Print.

    Bauman, N. “Vertigo, Dizziness, and Balance (Chapter 11).” New Frontiers in Aging, Olga Brom Spencer, PhD. Praeger Publishers. Westport, CT. 2008.

    “Tinnitus Treatment with Open-Ear R.I.T.E Amplification.” Hear Matters. Dallas, Denver, Chicago, Phoenix, Seattle, 2008. AAA CEU Approved. Presentation.

    “New Trends in Amplification with New Clinical Applications.” TeamBest Annual Conference. Taipei, Taiwan. November 3, 2007. Presentation.

    “Use of NAL Targets Questioned for Open Fittings.” Hearing Journal. April 2007: 8. Print.

    “How to Reduce Returns for Credit.” Mid-Atlantic Hearing Expo Annual Conference. Gettysburg, PA. March 31, 2007. Presentation.

    “Tinnitus: An understanding of what it is, how it can be treated, and where today’s technology has taken it.” West Virginia Speech – Language – Hearing Association Spring Convention. Lakeview Resort, Cheat Lake, WV. March 23, 2007. Presentation.

    Newman, C., Sandridge, S., Bauman, N., “Tinnitus Learning Lab: Setting Up a Tinnitus Management Clinic in Your Practice.” AudiologyNow! 2007. Denver, Colorado. April, 2007. Presentation.

    Bauman, N., Bray, V., Pisa, J., Fabry, D., Olson. L. “Roundtable: Open Fittings Parts 1 & 2.” ADA Annual 2006 Convention. Scottsdale, AZ, October 2006. Roundtable Presentation.

    “Open Fittings.” PHHA-Mid Atlantic Expo. Gettysburg, PA. March 2006. Presentation.

    “Improved Tinnitus Management Using An Open Ear Device.” VIIIth International Tinnitus Seminar. Pau, France. September 2005. Presentation.

    “Open Ear Fittings: Past, Present and Future.” Florida Academy of Audiology. Palm Beach Gardens, FL. August, 2005. Presentation.

    “The Role of the Limbic Sysyem.” Hearing Journal. July 2004: 56. Print.

    “Encountering Issues in the Everyday Practice.” Oticon Conference. Costa Rica.
    November, 2003. Presentation.

    “Taking Your Practice to New Heights: Building a Comprehensive Audiology Facility with Successful Management of Tinnitus.” Oticon. Costa Rica. November, 2003. Presentation.

    “Tinnitus Instrumentation.” ADA Conference. Sanibel Island, FL. October 2003. Presentation.

    “Tinnitus: Building a New Practice.” Oticon Conference. Denmark. May 2003. Presentation.

    “Hearing”; Public Radio Documentary Series The Infinite Mind, February 2003. Radio.

    “ Tinnitus Facts, Myths and Treatments Revisited.” Dr. Robert Levine’s Tinnitus Self-Help Group. Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary. Cambridge, MA. February 2003. Presentation.

    “Failure in Hearing Aid Fittings Due to Loudness Tolerance Problems: Hyperacusis, Misophonia, Phonophobia.” Academy of Dispensing Audiologists (ADA) Annual Conference. Palm Springs, CA. October 2002. Presentation.

    “Transcranial CROS Fittings in Hearing Improvement and Tinnitus Management.” Academy of Dispensing Audiologists (ADA) Annual Conference. Asheville, North Carolina. October 2001. Presentation.

    “Tinnitus Facts, Myths and Treatments.” SHHH National Convention, (Self-Help for Hard of Hearing People). Cherry Hill, New Jersey. June 2001. Presentation.

    “Tinnitus Facts, Myths and Treatments.” Siemens Twelfth International Symposium. Paris, France. June, 2000. Presentation.

    Tinnitus Seminar. Helix Group. Montreal, Canada. May, 2000. Presentation.

    “Real-Ear Measurement of the Sound Levels Used By Patients During Tinnitus Retraining Therapy.” Sixth International Tinnitus Seminar. Cambridge, U.K. Sept. 1999. Presentation and Published in the proceeding of the Sixth International Tinnitus Seminar.

    “Tinnitus: Old Problem, New Treatment.” Hearing Health Sept/Oct 1997. Print.

    Howard, J., Bauman., N., Braemer, M. “Using a CIC Hearing Aid in Transcranial Cross Fittings.”
    Hearing Journal March 1996. Print.

    Howard, J., Bauman., N., Braemer, M. “Audiological Approach to Managing Otitis Media.” Pneumatic Otoscopy and Otitis Media Conference. St. Raphael’s Hospital, New Haven, CT. 1995. Presentation.

    “Update on Hearing Aid Technology/Programmable Hearing Aids.” Connecticut Hearing Aid Dispensing Organization. 1995. Presentation.

    “Application of the CIC Loaner Program in the Office of the Dispensing Audiologist.” Siemens. 1995. Presentation.

    “Vestibular Rehabilitation, Audiological Perspective.” Physical Therapy Conference. 1994. Presentation.

    “CIC Hearing Aids.” Siemens International Conference. Hong Kong, China. 1993. Presentation.

    “Audiological and Vestibular Studies in a Successful Otolaryngology Practice.” Dept., of Otolaryngology, W.W.Backus Hospital, Norwich, Connecticut. 1991. Presentation.

    “Brain Mapping: A Quantitative Topographic Approach to Electrophysiology.” University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI. 1998. Presentation.

    Bauman, N., Moya, F., Perez, A. “In Support of Wave III in the Neonate.” Connecticut Speech and Hearing Assn. 1985. Presentation.

    Moya, F., Bauman, N., Chambelin, M., and Hoder, L.E. “Auditory Brainstem Evoked Responses (ABR) in Newborns with Neonatal Narcotic Abstinence Syndrome (NNAS).” Society for Pediatric Research Conference. 1984. Presentation.

    Smith, N.J. and Bauman, N. “Brainstem Evoked Response in Brainstem Trauma, A Longitudinal Study.” American Speech and Hearing Association Convention. Cincinnati,1983. Presentation.

    Sasaki, C.T., Buchalter, J.A., Virapongse, C., Bauman, N. “Pulsatile Tinnitus Arising from Jugular Megabulb Deformity: A Treatment Rationale.”American Laryngological Rhinological & Otological Society. New York. January 1983. Presentation.

    Bauman, N. and Ventry, I. “Effect of a Pre-Test Listening Exposure on the Ascending-Descending Gap at Most Comfortable Loudness Levels.” Ear Hear No.4, 1983. Print.

    “Brainstem Evoked Response Audiometry.” Connecticut Speech and Hearing Assn. Convention. March 1981. Presentation.

    “Effects on Pre-Test Listening Exposure on the Intersubject Variability at MCL.” ASHA Convention. Toronto. 1979. Presentation.

    Lucker, J., Grzybmacher, N., Ventry, I. “Effects of Instructional Set on the Comfortable Loudness Range.” Journal of Speech and Hearing Dis., No. 43, 1978. Print.

    Grzybmacher, N., Ventry, I. “Suprathreshold Levels of Pure Tone and Speech.” ASHA Convention. Chicago, 1977.

    PATENTS

    August 7,2018 Variable sound attenuator with a hearing aid. Patent 10045133 (Bauamn, N., Campagna, R.) A device combining a variable sound attenuator with a hearing device, (such as a hearing aid or tinnitus device) that allows a user to adjust the amount of attenuation of environmental sound in a variable, continuous fashion or in a discrete controlled fashion from zero attenuation to maximum attenuation without removing the device from the ear. The attenuator includes a housing having a passageway, the passageway allowing for sound to pass through the housing and a variable control, the variable control able to control the size of the passageway through the housing and the device including a second passageway for transmitting amplified sound from the hearing device into the ear of the wearer.

    Decenber13, 2016 Variable noise attenuator with adjustable attenuation, Patent 9521480 (Bauman,N Camagna, R.). A variable ear protection system/device to allow the user to adjust the amount of attenuation (protection) in a noisy, loud environment from no attenuation to maximum attenuation without removing such device from the user’s ear.

    May 10, 2016: Variable sound attenuator, Patent 9,333,116 (Bauman, N., Camagna, R.). A sound attenuator that allows a user to adjust the amount of attenuation in a variable, continuous fashion or in a discrete controlled fashion from zero attenuation to maximum attenuation without removing the device from the ear. The ear attenuator includes a housing having a passageway, the passageway allowing for sound to pass through the housing and a variable control, the variable control able to control the size of the passageway through the housing and the amount of attenuating material located within the passageway through the housing.

    July 6, 2010: Open ear hearing aid system. Patent 7,751,580 (Bauman, N.) The present invention relates to a system for improving a user's hearing and more particularly to a receiver system used in the system. In one embodiment, the receiver system has a housing and a plurality of arms extending from the housing for positioning and suspending the receiver within the ear canal of a user. Each of the arms may be formed from a flexible, plastic material or a bendable wire. In a second embodiment, the receiver system is surrounded by a disc formed from a sound filtering material. When installed in a combination instrument, the receiver is separated from the microphone. When installed in a tinnitus/hyperacusis device, the receiver is separated from the body of the instrument.

    May 18, 2010: Hearing Aid System. Patent 7.720.245 (Bauman, N., Shikhman, O., Campagna, R.) An exemplary hearing aid system includes a receiver unit configured and positioned within the user's ear canal so as to minimize insertion loss and/or occlusion effect.

    September, 2, 2008: Hearing Aid System, Vivatone®. Patent 7,421,086 (Bauman, N., Shikhman, O., Campagna, R.) An exemplary hearing aid system includes a receiver unit configured and positioned within the user's ear canal so as to minimize insertion loss and/or occlusion effect. This patent includes 81 claims encompassing unique features of open fit, receiver-in-the-ear R.I.T.E. hearing aids.

    July 11, 2006: Hearing Aid System. Patent 7,076,076 (Bauman, N. ) The present invention relates to a system for improving a user's hearing and more particularly to a receiver system used in the system. In one embodiment, the receiver system has a housing and a plurality of arms extending from the housing for positioning and suspending the receiver within the ear canal of a user. Each of the arms may be formed from a flexible, plastic material or a bendable wire. In a second embodiment, the receiver system is surrounded by a disc formed from a sound filtering material. When installed in a hearing aid system, the receiver is separated from the microphone. When installed in a tinnitus/hyperacusis device, the receiver is separated from the body of the instrument.

    April 11, 2000: Apparatus and method for an open ear auditory pathway stimulator to manage tinnitus and hyperacusis. Patent 6,048,305 (Bauman, N., Juneau, R.) An open-in-the-ear auditory pathway stimulator device includes a noise generator in the device for generating noise and controls in the device for adjusting the volume of the noise. The device is preferably open ear. The device is preferably programmable. The device can also include a hearing aid for amplifying ambient sounds. Preferred method of treatment in 90% of tinnitus cases in the U.S.

    November 9, 1999: Ear wax collection device for a hearing aid. Patent 5,982,908 (Bauman, N. ) An in-the-ear hearing aid in accordance with the present invention has a housing shaped to fit within a user's ear, and a sound passageway within the housing. The sound passageway includes a fixed tube communicating with a receiver. The sound passageway further includes a removable tube whose interior end abuts the fixed tube and an ear wax trap adjacent the interior end. In a preferred embodiment, the ear wax trap is formed from a mesh material. In accordance with the present invention, the removable tube with its integral ear wax trap may be removed as needed to clean the trap. After cleaning, the removable tube with its ear wax trap may be reinserted into the hearing aid.

    Norwalk, CT

    (475) 227-0842
    (203) 557-7215

    Hamden, CT

    (475) 227-0842

    Branford, CT

    (203) 291-2929